What is the difference between Migraine & Headache?

Migraine and headache are two terms often used interchangeably, but they actually refer to two different phenomena.

A generic term for any pain or discomfort experienced in the head or neck region. It can have many causes, such as stress, muscle tension, dehydration or vision problems. The pain is often described as a constant vice or pressure and can vary in intensity. Most headaches are temporary and can be treated with over-the-counter analgesics.

A specific type of headache, often characterized by pulsating, intense, unilateral pain. The exact cause is unknown, but is often linked to genetic and environmental factors. It may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and noise. Some people may also experience an “aura” before the onset of the migraine. Migraine management may require specific medications and a more complex treatment approach, often customized for each patient.

In summary, while headache is a general term for any pain in the head, migraine is a specific and often more severe type of headache, with unique symptoms and treatments. Migraine is considered a chronic neurological condition, often requiring more specialized medical management.